名词性从句

名词能充当什么成分

• 主语
• The movie looks fantastic/terrific.
• 宾语
• 表语
• Gump is a man.
• 同位语（用来解释名词的部分）
• I enjoy the part, the beginning.
• I, a boy, like Eason, a famous/well-known singer from Hong Kong.

Persistence, an active mentality, plays a critical role in the glories of all children and adults.

• 名词
• 代词
• 非谓语动词
• I enjoy sports, running. 此处running非谓语动词作同位语
• 从句

什么是名词性从句

• 主语从句
• 从句充当主语
• What I saw looks terrific.
• 宾语从句
• 从句充当宾语
• I admire what she said.
• 表语从句
• 从句充当表语
• Gump is who we should learn from.
• 同位语从句
• 从句充当同位语
• I enjoy the part that a bird is flying in the sky.

名词性从句的引导词

(He has got divorced) is my fault.

Has she got divorced is obvious.

Who will he marry is a secret.

That He has got divorced is my fault.

Whether she has got divorced is obvious.

Who he will marry is a secret.

练习

主语从句

That women tend to be right remains common knowledge.

宾语从句

I am wondering whether aliens exist.

My meaning seems that supporting the elderly remains a Chinese conventional virtue.

Someday, one will perceive that career, kindship and friendship prove more indispensable than romance.

同位语从句

The news that I have passed the exam is true.

表语从句

The point is when wealth will become available for you.

考点分析

写作

• 同位语从句
• 主语从句
• 宾语从句
• 表语从句

• 主语从句
• 同位语从句

主语从句

That women tend to be right remains common knowledge.

It keeps common knowledge that women tend to be right.

• It… that…
• 显而易见，众所周知
• It is apparent that …
• It looks beyond dispute that …
• It has been widely accepted that…
• It is universally acknowledged that …
• 我认为
• It keeps my argument that

It looks beyond dispute the issue about diligence has been brought into the limelight（聚光灯、焦点）.

同位语从句

The matter that he managed to find a girlfriend makes his superiors rejoiced.

• thing
• issue
• matter
• affair

manage to do设法做到了某事

Nothing can hide the truth that he is getting old.

The outlook proves wrong that private individuals(相当于people) in Henan seem all deceivers.

• argument
• outlook

The evidence that flowers in the greenhouse fail to undergo storms indicates that kids should by no means be spoiled by their senior citizens.

长难句分析

1. 如何识别主语从句？
• 只要见到有引导词放在句首，从句后没有被逗号隔开，一定是主语从句。
• 主语从句从名词后（或者说句首）开始，到谓语之前结束。
• 除此以外，见到It...that...通常都是主语从句，主语从句从that后开始。

1. 如何识别宾语从句？
• 只要实义动词后面有引导词，就暂定为宾语从句（不排除状语从句的可能性）。

She said (that) she would marry an old rich man.

I wonder if I can pass the National Postgraduate Entrance Examination smoothly.

This alone demonstrates that the television bussiness is not an easy world to suivive in. A fact underlined by statistics shows that [ out of eighty European television networks ] $_{状语从句}$ no less than 50% took a loss in 1989.

out of的四大考点

• +心理的名词，出于/发自
• +数字，在…之中
• +地点，从/在
• +其他名词，没有

He believes that this very diffculty may have had the compensating advantage of forcing him to think long and intently about every sentence, and thus enabling him to detect errors in reasoning and in his own observations.

You have all heard it $_{形式宾语}$ repeated that men of science work by means of induction and deduction, that by the help of these operations, they, in a sort of sense, manage to extract from Nature certain natural laws, and that out of these, by some special skill of their own, they build up their theories.

1. 如何识别表语从句
• 系动词的后面有引导词，就是表语从句

A report consistently brought back by visitors to the US is how friendly, courteous and helpful most Americans were to them.

Galileo’s greatest glory was that in 1609 he was the first person to turn the newly invented telescope on the heavens to prove that the planets revolve around the sun rather than around the Earth.

Women are much too preoccupied by family. Once the marrige begins to disintegrate, they are lost. That is where their unhappiness spring from and that is why most divorced mothers regard themselves as victims.

1. 如何识别同位语从句